Entrepreneur Visa Spain: In-Depth Guide

Table of Contents

1. What is the Visa for Entrepreneurs in Spain?

The Visa for Entrepreneurs is a permit for self-employed workers contemplated in the Entrepreneurs Law. The initial authorization entitles the holder to reside in Spain for a period of 3 years and it is possible to extend it for another 2 years. For a successful application it is essential that the business project is innovative and potentially lucrative for the Spanish economy.

It is extremely important to know the nuances of this permit to ensure a successful application process. A peculiarity of this permit is the request for the ENISA report that will try to assess the level of innovation and economic potential of the business project.

2. What makes the Spanish Entrepreneur Visa different from the self-employed worker authorization?

While in the self-employed worker authorization practically any business project has a place, in the case of the Visa for Entrepreneurs it must be, as we have mentioned above, an innovative business project that can provide added value for the Spanish economy. When we speak of added value for the Spanish economy, we also refer to the possibility of creating jobs.

Another notable difference is that in the case of the residence and self-employment authorization we have to prove the existence of the necessary capital to start up the business project, while in the Visa for Entrepreneurs this is not the case.

3. General Requirements of the Spanish Entrepreneur Visa

Main Applicant + 1 family member + 2 family members + 3 family members + 4 familiy members
€30,240
€41,580
€45,360
€49,140
€52,920

*For each additional family member from this point onwards, an additional €3,780 must be added. Updated August 2023.

3.1. Specific requirements for the Entrepreneur Visa Spain

4. Documentation required to apply for the Spanish Entrepreneur Visa

Please note: As a general rule the documentation provided should be recent. This means that it should not be more than 3 months old since the document was issued. It is also important to have in mind the formal requirements detailed below.

4.1. Documents that all applicants must provide in order to apply for the Entrepreneur Visa in Spain

Required Document Translation required Apostilled/Legalized Notes
No
No
Complete Passport
No
No
With entry stamp (if you apply in Spain)
Favorable report from ENISA
No
No
This is the key to this permit. You can find more information below.
Private Medical Insurance
Simple
No
Required if there is no Social Security registration
Criminal Background Certificate
Sworn
Yes
Must be recent (no more than 3 months old)
Responsable Declaration Criminal Background
Simple
No
We have a template for clients
Proof of Payment of Admin. Fee
No
No
We can pay for it on your behalf
Proof of Financial Means
Simple
No
Income from professional activity will also be taken into account

4.2. What is the Enisa Report?

Since the recent reforms of the Entrepreneurs Law, the ENISA Report has become the central component of the Entrepreneurs Visa application. To obtain this report it is mandatory to complete the corresponding questionnaire on the ENISA website (click HERE to access it). The purpose of this report is to determine whether the business project complies with the characteristics to have access to the Visa for Entrepreneurs.

What are the questions to be answered in the questionnaire?

  • Description of the company’s activity.
  • Use of own technology. Research, development and innovation expenses will be taken into account.
  • Differentiation in the company’s processes. New or significantly improved production or delivery methods.
  • Product/service differentiation.
  • Business model differentiation. Marketing strategies that seek to highlight the product or service.
  • Product or Service Demand Analysis.
  • Existing entry barriers. Identify obstacles or impediments that hinder the entry of new companies in the target market.
  • Level of competition. Identify the presence of competitors in the target market.
  • Scalability of products or services. Identify the company’s ability to achieve exponential growth without the need to increase the resources used in the same proportion.
  • Background of the company. Brief history of the company since its incorporation, detailing the main milestones and substantial changes.
  • Information on investments made or planned.
  • Education and experience of the team that makes up the company.

4.3. With respect to Financial Resources needed for the Entrepreneur Visa in Spain

According to a recent instruction, the applicants for a residence permit contemplated in the Entrepreneurs Law must prove that they have economic resources for themselves and their family members in accordance with the following amounts:

Holders of residence permits: amount representing monthly 200% of the minimum interprofessional salary (SMI). In the year 2023 the Minimum Interprofessional Wage in Spain is 1080 €. Given that 200% of the aforementioned amount must be credited for a period of 14 months (since the UGE also takes into account the extraordinary payments), the availability of an amount of €30,240 would have to be accredited.

Family units that include two persons, counting the main applicant and the regrouped person: at least 275% of the SMI.

A 25% of the SMI will be required for each additional member.

Main Applicant + 1 family member + 2 family members + 3 family members + 4 familiy members
€30,240
€41,580
€45,360
€49,140
€52,920

Do you still have questions about the Entrepreneur Visa in Spain?

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5. How to apply for an Entrepreneur Visa in Spain?

It is very important to know that the application process for the Visa for Entrepreneurs is basically composed of two main steps: the application for the ENISA report and then the application for the visa or residence permit itself. The latter can be done from abroad through the Spanish Consulate or from Spain while being in the country on a regular basis.

5.1. Requesting the ENISA report

In order for the Large Companies Unit (UGE) or the Consulate to be able to correctly process the application for the Entrepreneurs auhtorization, it must first have the corresponding favorable report from ENISA. It is very important to note that at present (September 2023) the issuance of this report may take 2 or 3 months.

5.2. Entrepreneur Visa application from abroad

In this case, the permit must be requested at the competent Spanish Consulate. Normally an appointment will be required and it is advisable to request one for each family member applying. The Consulate will have a term of 10 working days to issue the corresponding resolution, although this term may be suspended in case the applicant is required to submit additional documentation. In case the Consulate considers that the fulfillment of all the requirements has been accredited, it will grant the applicant the corresponding visa for a duration of 1 year. The Entrepreneurs who are interested in continuing to reside in Spain must apply, within 60 days prior to the expiration of the visa, the corresponding authorization for Entrepreneurs.

Advantage: This path is less risky. In case of having to provide any additional documents or correct any other documents already provided, it is relatively easy to do so, since the applicant is still in the country of origin and many of the documents have to be obtained there. 

Disadvantage: The visa is granted only for 1 year. Therefore, it could be argued that there is more paperwork under this path.

5.3. Entrepreneur Visa application from Spain

It is also possible to apply for the Digital Nomad authorization from Spain. In this case, it would not formally be a visa since we already applied for it when we are in Spanish territory. The request must be addressed to the so-called “Unidad de Grandes Empresas y Colectivos Estratégicos” (UGE), which will have a deadline of 20 working days to resolve it. If the Digital Nomad Visa is applied for from Spain, the permit will be granted for a period of up to 3 years. Remember: You must have either the entry stamp to Spain in your passport or, if this for some reason is not possible, an entry declaration which will be requested within 72 hours of making entry at a police station. 

The application for the digital nomad authorization entitles you to stay in Spain until the corresponding resolution is issued, even if this means exceeding the 90-day period for tourists in the Schengen zone.

Please note: To pay the administrative fee it is important to have a digital identification tool, such as a digital certificate or a CL@VE Pin. It is also possible for us to pay it on your behalf.

Advantage: In this case the permit will be granted for up to 3 years. This means less paperwork.

Disadvantage: In case there is a problem with certain documents, it may be difficult to correct the error.

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6. Can the Entrepreneur's permit be extended to family members?

Yes, the family members of the entrepreneurs will also have the right to reside in Spain. The initial permit will be extended for 3 years and will enable them to work both as employees and self-employed. For this purpose, the following documents must be provided:

Required Document Translation required Apostilled/Legalized Notes
No
No
Complete Passport
No
No
With entry stamp (if you apply in Spain)
Private Medical Insurance
Simple
No
Required if there is no Social Security registration
Criminal Background Certificate (of legal age)
Sworn
Yes
Must be recent (no more than 3 months old)
Responsable Declaration Criminal Background (of legal age)
Simple
No
We have a template for clients
Documentation proving the family relationship
Sworn
Yes
Certificate of Birth/Marriage
Proof of Payment of Admin. Fee
No
No
We can pay for it on your behalf

6.1. Who can obtain a permit as a family member of an Entrepreneur?

These family members will be eligible for permits as family members of the Entrepreneur:

  • Spouse
  • Domestic partner
  • Dependent ascendants
  • Children under 18 years of age or disabled
  • Children of legal age who are economically dependent on the main applicant and who have not constituted a family unit by themselves.

7. Post-approval procedures: What to do when I am approved for the Entrepreneur's Visa in Spain?

When you reach this point, you have obtained a favorable resolution – congratulations! However, there are still steps to be taken – specifically two: the so-called “empadronamiento” (census registration) and the application for the residence card (TIE), in that specific order.

7.1. Empadronamiento (Census Registration)

In Spain, registration is a mandatory procedure for all persons residing in the country. It consists of notifying the local authorities of your place of residence in Spain and to carry out this procedure you must complete the following steps:

Step 1:Search for accommodation

There are several situations that entitle you to live in the property: a rental contract, being the owner of the property or having the owner's authorization.

Step 2: Appointment at the town hall

The competent authority to carry out the registration is the town hall of the locality in which you are going to reside. It is advisable to make an appointment.

Step 3: Go to the Town Hall

On the day of the appointment, go to the town hall with your passport and the title that entitles you to live in the dwelling in question (contract, property title, authorization).

Step 4: Request the census certificate

Once the registration has been formalized, do not forget to request the corresponding empadronamiento certificate. You will need it for the next step.

7.2. Residence Card (TIE) application

You have finally reached the finishing straight. The migratory journey is almost over. Once you have your residence card, you will be able to reside in Spain for the duration of your permit. What do you have to do to get it?

Step 1: Make an appointment

You must first request an appointment for the fingerprinting*. Due to its scarcity it can be a difficult task. Be patient. We will be at your disposal if you need help.

Step 2: Collect the documents

In order to apply for a residence card (TIE) it is important that you prepare the necessary documentation. More information below.

Step 3: The fingerprinting

On the day of the appointment you must present the corresponding documentation and your fingerprints will be taken.

Step 4: Pick up the card

After 30 to 40 days after the fingerprinting you will be able to pick up the residence card. For this you will again need an appointment.

*You can get your appointments HERE.

Documents you need to apply for the residence card (TIE):

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